Cátedra Augusto García González



2018





Exotic hadrons and experimental techniques for their detection

Mini-Course (November 21-November 23 2018, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Dr. Alexis Pompili
INFN-Sezione di Bari

Contents:
- Introduction to charmonium-like states.
First lecture
Video 1 (part)

Video 1 (part)

- The X(3872) : hadronic molecule or compact tetraquark?
- Searching for the bottomonium partner of the X(3872)
Second lecture
Video 2 (part)

- Three body decays and Dalitz Plot analysis
Third lecture
Video 2 (part)

- Helicity formalism and full amplitude analysis
Fourth lecture
- Pentaquarks

Video 3





Dark matter phenomenology

Mini-Course (November 5-November 9 2018, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Dr. Alejandro Ibarra
TUM, Germany

Contents:
Day 1: Evidence for dark matter

First lecture
Video 1

Day 2: Dark matter production

Second lecture
Video 2

Day 3: Indirect detection

Third lecture
Video 3

Day 4: Indirect detection (cont.)

Fourth lecture
Video 4

Day 5: Direct detection and collider searches.

Fifth lecture
Video 5








Symmetries and their breaking in the fundamental laws of Physics

Mini-Course (October 8-October 11 2018, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Dr. Pepe Bernabéu
IFIC-UV, Valencia, Spain


Contents:

I.- STRONG INTERACTION
. Symmetries as Guiding Principle of Particles and Interactions
. Flavour SU(3): Are Quarks real?
. Flavour and Colour of Quarks
. QCD: From Scale Invariance to Dimensional Transmutation
Video 1


II.- ELECTROWEAK INTERACTION AND DISCRETE SYMMETRIES
. Chiral Gauge ElectroWeak Theory
. Flavour Physics
. Discrete Symmetries: CP, T, CPT
. Gauge Anomalies: Quark-Lepton Symmetry
Video 2


III.- NEUTRINOS
. Beta Decay Puzzles: "Dear Radioactive Ladies and Gentlemen"
. Neutrino Flavours: How many?
. Neutrino Oscillations: Pending Questions
. Neutrino Masses: Dirac-Majorana "confusion"
Video 3


IV.- ELECTROWEAK SYMMETRY BREAKING
. Standard Model
. Spontaneous Breaking of the Gauge Symmetry
. The Higgs Boson at CERN
. Beyond-Standard-Model Physics
Video 4


All lectures
Video coloquio general









What we know about Neutrinos, how we know it, and what we still have to learn

Mini-Course (September 4-September 7 2018, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Dr. Deborah Harris
FNAL, USA



Lecture 1:

Why Should we Study Neutrinos in the first place?

Neutrino Sources

Sun

Reactors

Atmosphere

Particle Accelerators

Neutrino Interactions

For a particle that never interacts, when it does there can be a lot of variety…

First lecture
Video 1



Lecture 2:

Reminder: non-neutrino particle interactions in matter

A Brief Survey of Neutrino Detectors

Cerenkov Detectors

Scintillators

Calorimeters

Liquid Argon Time Projection Chambers

Second lecture
Video 2



Lecture 3:

Absolute Neutrino Mass Measurements

How to tell if Neutrinos are their own antiparticles

What the Sun tells us about Neutrinos

Third lecture
Video 3



Lecture 4:

Atmospheric Neutrino Experiments

Reactor Neutrino Experiments

Accelerator-based Neutrino Experiments

Fourth lecture
Video 4






Multivariate analysis and its use in High Energy Physics

Mini-Course (August 29-September 3 2018, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Dr. Adrian Bevan
School of Physics and Astronomy, Queen Mary University of London, UK


Outline of the course

Cut based analyses:
- Figures of merit for optimisation of cut based analyses

Linear Discriminants:
- Fisher's linear discriminant


Cut based analysis and linear discriminants
Video 1

Neural Networks
- Perceptrons
- Activation functions
- Artificial Neural Networks
- Multilayer perceptrons (MLPs)
- Training (a pointer to optimisation issues)
- Examples (e.g. the Aleph Higgs search cut based vs NN sensitivity)


Decision Trees
Video 2


Neural Networks
Hyper parameter optimisation issues
- cost (or loss) functions
- Gradient descent optimisation
- overtraining
- dropout for deep networks
- weight regularisation


Optimisation
Video 3

Deep Networks
- Deep MLP networks
- Convolutional Neural Netwroks
- Adversarial neural Networks
- Autoencoders
- Examples (e.g. image analysis and various other examples from the literature)


Deep learning
Decision Trees
- Boosting
- Bagging
- Random Forests


Support vector machines
Support Vector Machines (it can be dropped, depending on time)
- Hard Margin SVM
- Soft Margin SVM
- Kernel Functions
- Examples
- Checker Board
- H-> tautau Kaggle data
- HH-> bb tautau on ATLAS
- stop searches at CMS


Additional material: Unsupervised learning
Video 4







2017





QCD: A bridge between partons (quarks and gluons) and hadrons

Mini-Course (November 27-December 1 2017, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Dr. Adnan Bashir
Institute of Physics and Mathematics and Michoacán University, Mexico

Part 1:

From hadrons to quarks

Mesons and Baryons - A historical preview
Particles and quantum numbers
Symmetries and cross-sections

First lecture
Video 1

The Quark Model – The eightfold way
SU(3) and hadrons, SU(4), SU(5)

Second lecture
Video 2

Chiral symmetry and its breaking
Pions as Goldstone bosons
Linear sigma model, explicit symmetry breaking and non-linear sigma model
More on symmetries

Part 2:

From quarks to QCD
QCD as a gauge theory
Feynman Rules
Higher Orders and Infinities
Regularization, renormalization schemes
One Loop Renormalization, Anomalous Dimensions
Running Coupling, the beta function and asymptotic freedom

Third lecture
Video 3


Part 3:

From QCD back to hadrons
Form factors, deep inelastic scattering, structure functions, Bjorken scaling, Callan-Gross relation, parton model, Feynman’s partons versus Gell-Mann’s quarks, parton distribution functions, generalized parton distribution functions and the modern picture of proton’s internal structure.

Fourth lecture
Video 4


Fifth lecture
Video 5









Higgs Physics: from Colliders to Cosmology
Mini-Course (September 18 to 22, 2017, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Professor: Dr. José Miguel No
King's College, London, UK


Topics:

Lecture 1 :Electroweak Symmetry Breaking (EWSB) at T =0
* The Higgs Mechanism
Notes
* Symmetry Breaking in QFT: The Effective Potential
* Radiative symmetry breaking: Coleman-Weinberg

Notes
Video 1

Lecture 2: Gauge dependence of the Effective Potential (T=0) and Nielsen identitites. Electroweak Symmetry Breaking at Finite T * The effective potential at finite temperature: standard computation
* The high temperature expansion
* EWSB in the early Universe: The Electroweak Phase Transition
Notes


Lecture 3: Dynamics of the Electroweak Phase Transition
* First Order vs Second Order Phase Transition
* Bubble Nucleation and Expansion
* Strength of the Electroweak Phase Transition
Notes


Lecture 4 : Applications: Baryogenesis
Notes


Lecture 5: Applications: Gravitational Waves
Notes











What can we learn on Elementary Particle Physics from Cosmology?
Mini-Course (June 12 to 16, 2017, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Professor: Dr. Genaro Miele
INFN/Napoli Univ.

Summary: The early universe represents a unique arena where to test indirectly possible extensions of the Electroweak Standard Model up to energy regions not even reachable in the far future at the accelerators. This is due to the relevance of the elementary particle physics in shaping the present universe once a Hot Big Bang Model is assumed. In this series of lectures the main pillars of the modern cosmology will be reviewed paying particular attention to those phenomena like baryogenesis, primordial nucleosynthesis and relic abundances (Dark Matter and Cosmological Neutrino Background) where particle physics essentially rules the game. The comparison of the theoretical predictions with the astrophysical observations allows to scrutinise the viability of possible models.

Course Notes
Video 1 First lecture
Video 2 Second lecture
Video 3 Third lecture
Video 4 Fourth lecture (given by Marco Chianese)
Complementary seminar (given by Marco Chianese)
Video 5 (Marco Chianese)







Theory and phenomenology of massive neutrinos
Mini-Course (January 30 to February 3, 2017, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Professor: Dr. Carlo Giunti
INFN/Torino Univ.

Summary: The general theory of neutrino masses and mixing is introduced. The theory of neutrino oscillations in vacuum and in matter is reviewed, with discussion of the most important general phenomenological aspects.

Topics:

- Dirac Neutrino Masses
Higgs Mechanism in the Standard Model
Three-Generation Neutrino Masses and Mixing

- Majorana Neutrino Masses
Two-Component Theory of a Massless Neutrino
Majorana Mass
Mixing of Three Majorana Neutrinos

- Dirac-Majorana Mass
One Generation
See-Saw Mechanism
Three-Generation Mixing

First two lectures

Video 1

Video 2

- Neutrino Oscillations in Vacuum
General Theory
Two-Neutrino Mixing and Oscillations

- Neutrino Oscillations in Matter
Effective Potentials in Matter
MSW Effect (Resonant Transitions in Matter)
Phenomenology of Solar Neutrinos

Third and half of fourth lecture


Video 3
- Quantum Mechanics of Neutrino Oscillations
Wave-Packet Theory of Neutrino Oscillations
Common Question: Do Charged Leptons Oscillate?

Video 4

- Phenomenology
Evidences of Neutrino Oscillations
Phenomenology of Three-Neutrino Mixing
Absolute Scale of Neutrino Masses
Light Sterile Neutrinos

Half of fourth lecture and fifth lecture


Video 5



2016





Searching for WIMP dark matter with astroparticles
Mini-Course (August 16-19 2016, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Professor: Dr. Roberto Lineros
IFIC, Valencia, Spain
0) Seminar Dark Matter effects on oscillations of high energy neutrinos
I) Dark Matter: history, evidences, and candidates First lecture Video 1
II) Production of WIMP Dark Matter in the Early Universe Second lecture Video 2
III) Searches in colliders and in underground laboratories Third lecture Video 3
IV) Searches using astroparticles Fourth lecture Video 4



Rare B decays: Theory and applications
Mini-Course (August 1-5 2016, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Professor: Dr. Javier Virto
University of Bern, Switzerland
Program of the course
Video 1
Video 2
Video 3
Video 4
Video 5 Global fits Global fits




Experimental searches for dark matter
Mini-Course (June 17-19 2016, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Professor: Dr. Juan Estrada
Fermilab, USA
Clase 1 Video 1
Clase 2 Video 2
Clase 3 Video 3

2015




Neutrinos in Cosmology
Mini-Course (June 8-12 2015, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Professor: Dr. Sergio Pastor
IFIC (CSIC and Univ. Valencia) Spain
Clase 1 Video 1
Clase 2 Video 2
Clase 3 Video 3
Clase 4 Video 4
BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Books:

Modern cosmology
S. Dodelson (Ed. Academic Press, 2003)
ISBN: 9780122191411

Neutrino cosmology
J. Lesgourgues, G. Mangano, G. Miele and S. Pastor (Ed. Cambridge Univ. Press, 2013)
ISBN: 9781107013957
Libro en CUP


Specialized reviews:
Neutrinos in Cosmology
A.D. Dolgov
Physics Reports 370 (2002) 333-535 [hep-ph/0202122]

Massive neutrinos in Cosmology
J. Lesgourgues and S. Pastor
Physics Reports 429 (2006) 307-379 [astro-ph/0603494]






Computer tools in particle physics
Mini-Course (June 22-26 2015, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Professor: Dr. Avelino Vicente
IFPA Group and Univ. Liege, Belgium
Lecture 1a Lecture 1b Notes 1 Source codes 1 Math macro 1 Video 1
Lecture 2 Notes 2 Video 2
Lecture 3 Notes 3 MadAnalysis instructions Video 3
Lecture 4 Notes 4 Source code 4 Math macro 4 Video 4
Final notes






QCD
Mini-Course (August 17-21 2015, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Professor: Dr. Daniel de Florian
Univ. Buenos Aires, Argentina
During these lectures a number of basic and more advances subjects in perturbative QCD will be addressed. Among others, that includes:
-Fundamentals of QCD: gauge Invariance, SU(3) and Feynman Rules. Asymptotic freedom and confinement. Hadrons.
-QCD at work in e+e- collisions,:jets infrared divergencies and cancellation of singularities.
-Deep Inelastic Scattering, factorization and parton distributions. Evolution equations.
-Precision physics at the LHC. Production of gauge bosons and Higgs at colliders. Radiative corrections in perturbative QCD: NLO and NNLO calculations.
-All order resummation and Parton showers. Summary of available tools for collider physics.
Bibliography:
- QCD and Collider Physics, R.K.Ellis, W.J.Stirling and B.R.Webber, Cambridge University Press Sons (1999)
- The theory of quark and gluon Interactions, F.J. Yndur?in, Springer-Verlag (1999)
- Collider Physics, V. Barger and R. Phillips, Addison-Wesley (1996)
- Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory, G. Dissertori, I. Knowles and M. Schmelling, International Series of Monograph on Physics (2009)
First lecture (slides) First Video
Second lecture (slides) Second Video

Third lecture (slides)
Exercises

2014



CP violation
Mini-Course (June 2-10 2014, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Professor: Dr. Gustavo Branco
CFTP and IST Lisboa, Portugal
Slides presentation


Neutrino Physics
Mini-Course (October 13-16 2014, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Professor: Dr. Andre de Gouvea
NorthWestern University, USA
Slides presentation
Homework


CP violation in the neutral Kaon system:
Mini-Course (November 24-28 2014, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Professor: Dr. Carlos García
Universidad de La Plata, Argentina
Bibliography
Clase 1
Clase 2


Standard Model and beyond:
Mini-Course (December 1-5 2014, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Professor: Dr. José W. F. Valle
IFIC, CSIC Valencia, Spain

Bibliografía fundamental: Neutrinos in High Energy and Astroparticle Physics
Libro en John Wiley and Sons Libro Crítica en Cern Courier Crítica

Clase 1 Video 1
Clase 2 Video 2

Clase 3 Video 3

Clase 4 Video 4


2013



Higgs Bosons in the SM and beyond: Implications for Particle Physics and Cosmology
Mini-Course (August 8-16 2013, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Professor: Dr. Joan Solà
sola@ecm.ub.es
High Energy Physics Group, Dept. E.C.M.
http://www.ecm.ub.es
Univ. de Barcelona, Spain
http://www.ub.edu/web/ub/en/
Program of the course


Effective theories for particle and astroparticle physics
Mini-Course (September 16-20 2013, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Dr. Jose Wudka
Department of Physics and Astronomy, UC Riverside, USA
Program of the course
Slides presentation


Phenomenology of neutrino oscillations
Mini-Course (October 21-25 2013, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Dra. Maria Amparo Tortolà
Instituto de Física Corpuscular, Universidad de Valencia, Spain
Program of the course
Slides presentation (21-Oct-2013)
Slides presentation (22-Oct-2013)
Slides presentation (23-Oct-2013)
Slides presentation (24-Oct-2013)


Flavor Physics
Mini-Course (November 4-8 2013, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Dr. Brendan Casey
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, USA
Program of the course
Slides presentation (4-Nov-2013)
Slides presentation (5-Nov-2013)
Slides presentation (6-Nov-2013)
Slides presentation (7-Nov-2013)


2012

Neutrino Physics
Mini-Course (October 24-November 2 2012, CINVESTAV, Mexico)
Dr. Paul Langacker
Princeton Institute of Advanced Study and Princeton University, USA

Department of Physics CINVESTAV-IPN Av. IPN 2508 Colonia San Pedro Zacatenco Mexico City 07360