2018

Mini-Course (November 20-November 22 2018, CINVESTAV, Mexico)

Dr. Alexis Pompili

INFN-Sezione di Bari

Contents:

Mini-Course (November 5-November 9 2018, CINVESTAV, Mexico)

Dr. Alejandro Ibarra

TUM, Germany

Contents:

Mini-Course (October 8-October 11 2018, CINVESTAV, Mexico)

Dr. Pepe Bernabéu

IFIC-UV, Valencia, Spain

Contents:

I.- STRONG INTERACTION

. Symmetries as Guiding Principle of Particles and Interactions

. Flavour SU(3): Are Quarks real?

. Flavour and Colour of Quarks

. QCD: From Scale Invariance to Dimensional Transmutation

II.- ELECTROWEAK INTERACTION AND DISCRETE SYMMETRIES

. Chiral Gauge ElectroWeak Theory

. Flavour Physics

. Discrete Symmetries: CP, T, CPT

. Gauge Anomalies: Quark-Lepton Symmetry

III.- NEUTRINOS

. Beta Decay Puzzles: "Dear Radioactive Ladies and Gentlemen"

. Neutrino Flavours: How many?

. Neutrino Oscillations: Pending Questions

. Neutrino Masses: Dirac-Majorana "confusion"

IV.- ELECTROWEAK SYMMETRY BREAKING

. Standard Model

. Spontaneous Breaking of the Gauge Symmetry

. The Higgs Boson at CERN

. Beyond-Standard-Model Physics

Mini-Course (September 4-September 7 2018, CINVESTAV, Mexico)

Dr. Deborah Harris

FNAL, USA

Why Should we Study Neutrinos in the first place?

Neutrino Sources

Sun

Reactors

Atmosphere

Particle Accelerators

Neutrino Interactions

For a particle that never interacts, when it does there can be a lot of variety…

First lecture

Video 1

Reminder: non-neutrino particle interactions in matter

A Brief Survey of Neutrino Detectors

Cerenkov Detectors

Scintillators

Calorimeters

Liquid Argon Time Projection Chambers

Second lecture

Video 2

Absolute Neutrino Mass Measurements

How to tell if Neutrinos are their own antiparticles

What the Sun tells us about Neutrinos

Third lecture

Video 3

Atmospheric Neutrino Experiments

Reactor Neutrino Experiments

Accelerator-based Neutrino Experiments

Fourth lecture

Video 4

Mini-Course (August 29-September 3 2018, CINVESTAV, Mexico)

Dr. Adrian Bevan

School of Physics and Astronomy, Queen Mary University of London, UK

Outline of the course

Cut based analyses:

- Figures of merit for optimisation of cut based analyses

Linear Discriminants:

- Fisher's linear discriminant

Cut based analysis and linear discriminants

Video 1

Neural Networks

- Perceptrons

- Activation functions

- Artificial Neural Networks

- Multilayer perceptrons (MLPs)

- Training (a pointer to optimisation issues)

- Examples (e.g. the Aleph Higgs search cut based vs NN sensitivity)

Decision Trees

Video 2

Neural Networks

Hyper parameter optimisation issues

- cost (or loss) functions

- Gradient descent optimisation

- overtraining

- dropout for deep networks

- weight regularisation

Optimisation

Video 3

Deep Networks

- Deep MLP networks

- Convolutional Neural Netwroks

- Adversarial neural Networks

- Autoencoders

- Examples (e.g. image analysis and various other examples from the literature)

Deep learning

Decision Trees

- Boosting

- Bagging

- Random Forests

Support vector machines

Support Vector Machines (it can be dropped, depending on time)

- Hard Margin SVM

- Soft Margin SVM

- Kernel Functions

- Examples

- Checker Board

- H-> tautau Kaggle data

- HH-> bb tautau on ATLAS

- stop searches at CMS

Additional material: Unsupervised learning

Video 4

2017

Mini-Course (November 27-December 1 2017, CINVESTAV, Mexico)

Dr. Adnan Bashir

Institute of Physics and Mathematics and Michoacán University, Mexico

Part 1:

From hadrons to quarks

Mesons and Baryons - A historical preview

Particles and quantum numbers

Symmetries and cross-sections

First lecture

Video 1

The Quark Model – The eightfold way

SU(3) and hadrons, SU(4), SU(5)

Second lecture

Video 2

Chiral symmetry and its breaking

Pions as Goldstone bosons

Linear sigma model, explicit symmetry breaking and non-linear sigma model

More on symmetries

Part 2:

From quarks to QCD

QCD as a gauge theory

Feynman Rules

Higher Orders and Infinities

Regularization, renormalization schemes

One Loop Renormalization, Anomalous Dimensions

Running Coupling, the beta function and asymptotic freedom

Third lecture

Video 3

Part 3:

From QCD back to hadrons

Form factors, deep inelastic scattering, structure functions, Bjorken scaling, Callan-Gross relation, parton model, Feynman’s partons versus Gell-Mann’s quarks, parton distribution functions, generalized parton distribution functions and the modern picture of proton’s internal structure.

Fourth lecture

Video 4

Fifth lecture

Video 5

Professor: Dr. José Miguel No

King's College, London, UK

Topics:

Lecture 1 :Electroweak Symmetry Breaking (EWSB) at T =0

* The Higgs Mechanism

Notes

* Symmetry Breaking in QFT: The Effective Potential

* Radiative symmetry breaking: Coleman-Weinberg

Notes

Video 1

Lecture 2: Gauge dependence of the Effective Potential (T=0) and Nielsen identitites. Electroweak Symmetry Breaking at Finite T * The effective potential at finite temperature: standard computation

* The high temperature expansion

* EWSB in the early Universe: The Electroweak Phase Transition

Notes

Lecture 3: Dynamics of the Electroweak Phase Transition

* First Order vs Second Order Phase Transition

* Bubble Nucleation and Expansion

* Strength of the Electroweak Phase Transition

Notes

Lecture 4 : Applications: Baryogenesis

Notes

Lecture 5: Applications: Gravitational Waves

Notes

Professor: Dr. Genaro Miele

INFN/Napoli Univ.

Summary: The early universe represents a unique arena where to test indirectly possible extensions of the Electroweak Standard Model up to energy regions not even reachable in the far future at the accelerators. This is due to the relevance of the elementary particle physics in shaping the present universe once a Hot Big Bang Model is assumed. In this series of lectures the main pillars of the modern cosmology will be reviewed paying particular attention to those phenomena like baryogenesis, primordial nucleosynthesis and relic abundances (Dark Matter and Cosmological Neutrino Background) where particle physics essentially rules the game. The comparison of the theoretical predictions with the astrophysical observations allows to scrutinise the viability of possible models.

Course Notes

Video 1 First lecture

Video 2 Second lecture

Video 3 Third lecture

Video 4 Fourth lecture (given by Marco Chianese)

Complementary seminar (given by Marco Chianese)

Video 5 (Marco Chianese)

Professor: Dr. Carlo Giunti

INFN/Torino Univ.

Summary: The general theory of neutrino masses and mixing is introduced. The theory of neutrino oscillations in vacuum and in matter is reviewed, with discussion of the most important general phenomenological aspects.

Topics:

- Dirac Neutrino Masses

Higgs Mechanism in the Standard Model

Three-Generation Neutrino Masses and Mixing

- Majorana Neutrino Masses

Two-Component Theory of a Massless Neutrino

Majorana Mass

Mixing of Three Majorana Neutrinos

- Dirac-Majorana Mass

One Generation

See-Saw Mechanism

Three-Generation Mixing

First two lectures

Video 1

Video 2

- Neutrino Oscillations in Vacuum

General Theory

Two-Neutrino Mixing and Oscillations

- Neutrino Oscillations in Matter

Effective Potentials in Matter

MSW Effect (Resonant Transitions in Matter)

Phenomenology of Solar Neutrinos

Third and half of fourth lecture

Video 3

- Quantum Mechanics of Neutrino Oscillations

Wave-Packet Theory of Neutrino Oscillations

Common Question: Do Charged Leptons Oscillate?

Video 4

- Phenomenology

Evidences of Neutrino Oscillations

Phenomenology of Three-Neutrino Mixing

Absolute Scale of Neutrino Masses

Light Sterile Neutrinos

Half of fourth lecture and fifth lecture

Video 5

2016

Professor: Dr. Roberto Lineros

IFIC, Valencia, Spain

0) Seminar Dark Matter effects on oscillations of high energy neutrinos

I) Dark Matter: history, evidences, and candidates First lecture Video 1

II) Production of WIMP Dark Matter in the Early Universe Second lecture Video 2

III) Searches in colliders and in underground laboratories Third lecture Video 3

IV) Searches using astroparticles Fourth lecture Video 4

Professor: Dr. Javier Virto

University of Bern, Switzerland

Program of the course

Video 1

Video 2

Video 3

Video 4

Video 5 Global fits Global fits

Professor: Dr. Juan Estrada

Fermilab, USA

Clase 1 Video 1

Clase 2 Video 2

Clase 3 Video 3

2015

Professor: Dr. Sergio Pastor

IFIC (CSIC and Univ. Valencia) Spain

Clase 1 Video 1

Clase 2 Video 2

Clase 3 Video 3

Clase 4 Video 4

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Books:

Modern cosmology

S. Dodelson (Ed. Academic Press, 2003)

ISBN: 9780122191411

Neutrino cosmology

J. Lesgourgues, G. Mangano, G. Miele and S. Pastor (Ed. Cambridge Univ. Press, 2013)

ISBN: 9781107013957

Libro en CUP

Specialized reviews:

Neutrinos in Cosmology

A.D. Dolgov

Physics Reports 370 (2002) 333-535 [hep-ph/0202122]

Massive neutrinos in Cosmology

J. Lesgourgues and S. Pastor

Physics Reports 429 (2006) 307-379 [astro-ph/0603494]

Professor: Dr. Avelino Vicente

IFPA Group and Univ. Liege, Belgium

Lecture 1a Lecture 1b Notes 1 Source codes 1 Math macro 1 Video 1

Lecture 2 Notes 2 Video 2

Lecture 3 Notes 3 MadAnalysis instructions Video 3

Lecture 4 Notes 4 Source code 4 Math macro 4 Video 4

Final notes

Professor: Dr. Daniel de Florian

Univ. Buenos Aires, Argentina

During these lectures a number of basic and more advances subjects in perturbative QCD will be addressed. Among others, that includes:

-Fundamentals of QCD: gauge Invariance, SU(3) and Feynman Rules. Asymptotic freedom and confinement. Hadrons.

-QCD at work in e+e- collisions,:jets infrared divergencies and cancellation of singularities.

-Deep Inelastic Scattering, factorization and parton distributions. Evolution equations.

-Precision physics at the LHC. Production of gauge bosons and Higgs at colliders. Radiative corrections in perturbative QCD: NLO and NNLO calculations.

-All order resummation and Parton showers. Summary of available tools for collider physics.

Bibliography:

- QCD and Collider Physics, R.K.Ellis, W.J.Stirling and B.R.Webber, Cambridge University Press Sons (1999)

- The theory of quark and gluon Interactions, F.J. Yndur?in, Springer-Verlag (1999)

- Collider Physics, V. Barger and R. Phillips, Addison-Wesley (1996)

- Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory, G. Dissertori, I. Knowles and M. Schmelling, International Series of Monograph on Physics (2009)

First lecture (slides) First Video

Second lecture (slides) Second Video

Third lecture (slides)

Exercises

2014

Professor: Dr. Gustavo Branco

CFTP and IST Lisboa, Portugal

Slides presentation

Professor: Dr. Andre de Gouvea

NorthWestern University, USA

Slides presentation

Homework

Professor: Dr. Carlos García

Universidad de La Plata, Argentina

Bibliography

Clase 1

Clase 2

Professor: Dr. José W. F. Valle

IFIC, CSIC Valencia, Spain

Bibliografía fundamental: Neutrinos in High Energy and Astroparticle Physics

Libro en John Wiley and Sons Libro Crítica en Cern Courier Crítica

Clase 1 Video 1

Clase 2 Video 2

Clase 3 Video 3

Clase 4 Video 4

2013

Professor: Dr. Joan Solà

sola@ecm.ub.es

High Energy Physics Group, Dept. E.C.M.

http://www.ecm.ub.es

Univ. de Barcelona, Spain

http://www.ub.edu/web/ub/en/

Program of the course

Dr. Jose Wudka

Department of Physics and Astronomy, UC Riverside, USA

Program of the course

Slides presentation

Dra. Maria Amparo Tortolà

Instituto de Física Corpuscular, Universidad de Valencia, Spain

Program of the course

Slides presentation (21-Oct-2013)

Slides presentation (22-Oct-2013)

Slides presentation (23-Oct-2013)

Slides presentation (24-Oct-2013)

Dr. Brendan Casey

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, USA

Program of the course

Slides presentation (4-Nov-2013)

Slides presentation (5-Nov-2013)

Slides presentation (6-Nov-2013)

Slides presentation (7-Nov-2013)

2012

Dr. Paul Langacker

Princeton Institute of Advanced Study and Princeton University, USA

Department of Physics CINVESTAV-IPN Av. IPN 2508 Colonia San Pedro Zacatenco Mexico City 07360